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healthcare process encompassing all healthcare provider activities and other prescribed healthcare activities that addresses identified or specified health issues


This is a concrete item and can be implemented directly

Term: clinical process; 
Plural: clinical processes; 


NOTE 1 As such, a clinical process is a set of interrelated or interacting healthcare activities, which are performed for a subject of care with one or more health issues.

NOTE 2 The primary input and output to a clinical process is the health state.

NOTE 3 In a clinical process a subject of care and healthcare professionals interact in all types of healthcare activities.

NOTE 4 A clinical process comprises all kinds of healthcare activities, mainly healthcare provider activities, but also self-care activities as prescribed or recommended by healthcare professionals.

NOTE 5 The clinical process can be regarded as the key type of process to support continuity of care from the perspective of the subject of care.

NOTE 6 clinical processes are the essential, central and most important type of healthcare processes.

NOTE 7 A relevant distinction exists between the primary input (the subject of care's initial health state) and secondary or ancillary inputs (the resources brought in to perform the clinical process).


UML class diagram

0..* 1..* ◄ addresses 0..* 1 ◄ evaluates outcome of 1 1 establishes ► 1 1 ◄ is time interval for 1..* 1..* ◄ includes 1 1 has ► health issue: representation of an issue related to the health of a subject of care as identified by one or more healthcare actors health issue clinical process outcome evaluation: healthcare evaluation where the effects of a clinical process on a health state are assessed against the target condition and/or a health condition representing the input health state clinical process outcome evaluation clinical process interest: health thread comprising all healthcare matters related to a specific clinical process clinical process interest clinical process episode: health related period that includes all healthcare activity periods in one clinical process clinical process episode mandated period of care: set of healthcare activity periods where a healthcare provider is mandated to perform the healthcare activities required to address specific health needs mandated period of care initial contact: contact during which a clinical process is initiated initial contact healthcare process: set of interrelated or interacting healthcare activities which transforms inputs into outputs healthcare process clinical process: healthcare process encompassing all healthcare provider activities and other prescribed healthcare activities that addresses identified or specified health issues clinical process
clinical process

Required associations

a number of clinical processes addresses one or more health issues
one or more clinical processes includes one or more mandated periods of care
exactly one clinical process episode is time interval for exactly one clinical process

Optional associations

up to one initial contact establishes exactly one clinical process
exactly one clinical process has up to one clinical process interest
a number of clinical process outcome evaluations evaluates outcome of exactly one clinical process


    healthcare process
clinical process


clinical process

The representation of a model conforming to the international standard ISO 13940 available through this site is provided by Oughtibridge Ltd.  It is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.  This work is based on a UML model prepared by Torbjørn Nystadnes of the Norwegian Directorate of Health, a subordinate agency of the Norwegian Ministry of Health and Care Services.